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Reciting al-fÁtiÎa and sÙrah in a low voice for ma’mÙm (the followers in a congregational prayers) [Reciting Loudly or in Whispering Manner ]

Question:The prayer-leader of a congregational prayer is reciting the Four Tasbihāt in prayers in which al-fÁtiÎa and sÙrah should be recited loudly and the ma’mÙm is performing his second rak‘at and wants to recite al-fÁtiÎa and sÙrah; should he/she recite them loudly or in a low voice?
Answer: He/She should recite them in a low voice.

Feeling of pretension in congregational prayer [The Importance of Congregational Prayer ]

Question:I feel I am closer to Allah swt in congregational prayer and this matter causes the lengthening of my invocations but I fear that this might end up in pretension; what is my duty?
Answer: Such fears and doubts are the insinuations of Satan. Don’t pay attention to that and attend the congregational prayer continuously.

Reserving a place for another person in the row of a congregation [Miscellaneous Issues regarding Conditions of Congregational Prayer ]

Question:Is it permissible to reserve a place for another person in the row of a congregation? (It means that we place a turbah for another person and don’t let other people to sit there) Or is the criterion piety or earlier arrival?
Answer: There is no issue with doing this, but if that person doesn’t join the congregation before rukÙ‘ of the first rak‘at then his/her right is voided.

The ruling regarding a traveler who performs his prayers completely where he should have performed shortened prayers [Miscellaneous Issues regarding Prayer of a Traveler ]

Question:What is the ruling regarding the prayer of a traveler who makes the intention of staying less than 10 days so he should perform prayers shortened but he forgets the matter?
Answer: He should perform the qaÃÁ of prayers (i.e. perform them again later as compensation) that he has performed completely.

Prayer of a traveler in Mecca and Medina [Places in which Both Complete and QaÒr Prayer Are Allowed ]

Question:Does a traveler have the right to choose between full and shortened prayer in the old and new sections of Mecca and Medina like al-Masjid al-Nabawi and al-Masjid al-Harām or he/she should perform shortened prayers?
Answer: Travelers have the right to perform their prayers in al-Masjid al-Harām and al-Masjid al-Nabawi and also all of Mecca and Medina complete or shortened and complete prayer is better and there is no difference between old and new parts of Mecca and Medina.

Purpose of the intention of ten days [Having the Intention of Staying for Ten Days ]

Question:My question is that what is the ruling as to when one wants to travel somewhere and stays there for 11 or 14 days or more? Please answer that when 10 days is counted from? For example if I stay from 3rd day until the 13th day of a month then how does it count?
Answer: If a person wants to stay 10 days or more in a place, in this case prayers should be performed complete and the person must fast. And if this person wants to stay less than 10 days then prayers should be performed shortened and the person cannot fast. The beginning of 10 days is from the moment of entering the destination, for example from noon of the first day of arrival until noon of the next day is considered as one day.

Dependence of wife on her husband in leaving her homeland [Changing Hometown ]

Question:When a wife has no choice but to leave her homeland because her husband is leaving that place, is she considered to have abandoned her homeland or does the matter depend on her intention?
Answer: It depends on the intention of the wife, if she hopes to convince her husband to return then it is not considered as abandoning the homeland and if there is no hope, then it is considered to be an inevitable abandonment.

The Ruling regarding the prayer and fasting of a person who lives in one place and works in another place [Rules regarding Places where Have the Same Rulings as Hometown ]

Question:I have to travel to another city four days every week because of my occupation so I am in my own city three days a week and in another city four days a week. How should I perform my prayers and fasting?
Answer: Your prayers and fasting should be performed complete in both places.

Paternal homeland (Waṭan) [Rules regarding Hometown]

Question:Is one’s paternal homeland considered as one’s own homeland (Waṭan)?
Answer: The Paternal homeland of a person is not considered as the homeland of that person unless he/she stays there continuously for a long time like one year.

The meaning of the “first travel” of a person who travels a lot [Frequent Travellers (kathÐr al-safar)]

Question:I always travel and according to the rulings of Imam Khomeini I should perform prayers complete except the first travel, but I work on a ship and I don’t know where my first travel begins, which brings about the following questions 1- Does the travel from home to seaport before joining the ship is considered as the first travel (because this travel is the prerequisite of the main travel)? 2- Or the travel begins from joining the ship and continues until reaching the destination (there is the possibility of staying some other days in seaport before departure)? 3- Is the beginning of the travel marked by moving from the source port until reaching the destination?
Answer: Your going out of your house to the work place and then going to sail from there until reaching the destination are all consider as one travel.

Start and end of the distance of Qasr prayer [The Journey with More than Eight Farsakhs (leagues) ]

Question:How should the start and end of the distance be calculated for the distance where prayer becomes shortened?
Answer: The distance between the last house of the departure city and the first house of the destination city should be considered as the distance for prayer to be shortened.

Closing the Eyes during Prayer [ Makruh Acts of Prayer ]

Question:Is closing the eyes during prayer impermissible? Is it permissible if we can pay more attention to Allah by doing this act?
Answer: This act is makrÙh (abominable) unless this is the only way of having presence of the heart (full concentration).

Ruling of forgotten qunÙt (Supplication in Salāt) in prayer [ QunÙt ]

Question:If a person forgets qunÙt and remembers the matter after rukÙ‘ of the same rak‘at ,then what is the ruling of that?
Answer: This person can perform qunÙt after rukÙ‘ and then go for sajdah without rukÙ‘ and continue the prayer.

Reciting the qunÙt (Supplication in Salāt) in Persian [ QunÙt ]

Question: 1- Is it permissible to recite the qunÙt of obligatory prayers in Persian or any other languages? 2- What about other prayers like night prayer? 3- Is it permissible to pray whatever we want in qunÙt and say whatever we want to ask Allah in qunÙt?
Answer: 1- It is not permitted. 2- It is like the previous issue. 3- Yes, you can ask all religious lawful matters from Allah.

Intention of sajdah al-sahw (Compensatory prostration) [ The Method of Offering Sajdah al-Sahw]

Question:Should we raise our hands to our ears during the intention of sajdah al-sahw? And is it necessary to declare the intention verbally?
Answer: None of them is necessary and the verbal declaration of the intention is not permissible as an obligatory precaution.

A Woman Singing for other Women [Music]

Question:What is the ruling if a woman sings for women or her husband, either with singing music or not?
Answer: It doesn’t have problem for a woman to sing for her husband and other women without singing music and music that is proper for Haraam gatherings.

A Woman Singing for other Women [Music]

Question:What is the ruling if a woman sings for women or her husband, either with singing music or not?
Answer: It doesn’t have problem for a woman to sing for her husband and other women without singing music and music that is proper for Haraam gatherings.

Musical Instruments [Makrooh Buying and Selling]

Question:What is the religious ruling of musical instruments like setar and dulcimer and … that are not used in Haraam gatherings like wedding ceremonies?
Answer: It is Haraam to make and to trade any kind of instrument that is mostly used for Haraam purposes and if the instrument is used in both purposes then it is permitted.

Musical Instruments [Music]

Question:What is the religious ruling of musical instruments like setar and dulcimer and … that are not used in Haraam gatherings like wedding ceremonies?
Answer: It is Haraam to make and to trade any kind of instrument that is mostly used for Haraam purposes and if the instrument is used in both purposes then it is permitted.

Musical Instruments [Music]

Question:What is the religious ruling of musical instruments like setar and dulcimer and … that are not used in Haraam gatherings like wedding ceremonies?
Answer: It is Haraam to make and to trade any kind of instrument that is mostly used for Haraam purposes and if the instrument is used in both purposes then it is permitted.

Musical Instruments [Makrooh Buying and Selling]

Question:What is the religious ruling of musical instruments like setar and dulcimer and … that are not used in Haraam gatherings like wedding ceremonies?
Answer: It is Haraam to make and to trade any kind of instrument that is mostly used for Haraam purposes and if the instrument is used in both purposes then it is permitted.

To Play Flute [Music]

Question:What is the ruling of playing flute if it doesn’t cause corruption?
Answer: If you play the kind of music that is proper for Haraam gatherings then it is Haraam.

Singing and Music of Women [Music]

Question:The following questions are introduce to you, considering the ambiguities and questions about confronting public thoughts with music and singing of women.
1) What is the ruling of singing by women in the form of solo or in a choir?
2) How much is it permitted for women to study music and singing?
3) How and where is it permitted for women to sing?
4) Is it permissible to play and to distribute singing voice of women?
Answer: Answer 1 to 4: All sounds and kinds of music, which are suitable for Haraam gatherings and corrupted meetings, are Haraam and other than them are Halaal and there is no difference in this case between man and woman, but it is permitted for women to sing Mubah music in meetings which are exclusive to their gender, whether solo or in a choir. Dear young persons note that we shouldn’t have fear of cultural aggression of the west and we shouldn’t assume that we should conform our religious rulings and ourselves to their culture, because west culture takes young persons to the complete trite step by step, and makes them empty f r o m the inside and removes any obstacle which is in the way of their desires in this way.

Women to hear the Singing Voice of Women [Music]

Question:It is said that: “it has problem to hear to two kinds of music according to religion, sound of a women and the other is singing music, which means a type of music that brings the person out of normal condition”.
A) There is no problem about the first type, which is hearing to the singing voice of a women by a man, but is it also Haraam for a woman to hear the singing voice of another woman?
B) About the second type, I should say that no kind of music can bring me out of normal condition, hearing to music, whether singing or instrumental, whether sad or happy. What is its ruling for me?
Answer: A) If the music and voice is appropriate for Haraam gatherings and corrupted meetings then it is not also permitted for women.
B) The criterion is not individuals, but all kinds of music, which are appropriate for Haraam gatherings and corrupted meetings, are Haraam for everyone whether bring the person out of normal condition or not.

Ruling of Singing Music in different Wedding Ceremonies [Singing]

Question:Does permission of singing music in spousal night ceremony also apply to the marriage night ceremony?
Answer: There is no difference between the night of marriage, spousal or other nights and those kinds of music which are appropriate for Haraam gatherings and corrupted meetings are Haraam anyway.

The Criterion of Prohibition of Music [Music]

Question:It’s a while that I have started researching about music but I have a problem which is not solved yet. I couldn’t convince myself rationally that Islam has absolutely prohibited music, and if it is then it should have a criterion; therefore, I referred to Fiqh books and Fatwas of some of respectful scholars. I recognize that there is disagreement about prohibition of music. It is recognized from the appearance of the expression of Sheikh in Maksib that he considers revel as the subject of prohibition; but some of superiors like the late Imam (r.a.) consider singing as its criterion. By considering the above matters, please say that: Is prohibition of music because of singing, which has been changed through the time (like chess) and has converted in to revel, or has the subject of prohibition of music been revel from the beginning? In this case, how do you justify the opinion of respectful scholars about singing?
Answer: It is likely that whatever Faqihs and Maraji’ say in this subject mostly returns to the same source, although there are differences in their expressions. And it is what I have said before: there are kinds of music which are being played in corrupted meetings and Haraam gatherings and mostly there are other corruptions accompanied by them, kinds of music which are called trite, corruptive and sometimes singing music. These kinds of music are Haraam anywhere and with any content; but there are other kinds of music which are not like these, like famous kinds of music which different religious poems, threnodies and military and sports marches are being played with them; these are not Haraam, because they are not included in the definition of the first type. Also, there are doubtful examples which are not being recognized completely that whether they are included in the first or the second type? And according to the fact that in the examples of doubtful prohibitions they are being considered as acquitted then in doubtful examples acquittal is being e x e c u t ed.

Musical Instruments [Singing]

Question:Please answer the following questions about music:
1) Is music essentially the subject of the ruling or does it depend on singing?
2) Is it according to convention or does it have a specified religious limit?
3) If it is according to convention then which convention should be considered, common convention or convention of believers, musicians or Faqihs and religious scholars?
4) Please express the boundaries of permitted non-singing music. Are these boundaries for traditional and folk music or does it also apply to foreign music and especially classic music?
5) What is the role of exciting by singing in making a kind of music Haraam?
Answer: Answers of all of your questions are as follows: All sounds and kinds of music, which are suitable for Haraam gatherings and corrupted meetings, are Haraam and other than them are Halaal, and they can be recognized by referring to informed people. And about musical instruments, it is Haraam to produce, trade and show the images of those which are related to Haraam music (those which are mostly being used for playing Haraam music) in public media. But common instruments and those which are mostly being used for playing Halaal music doesn’t have problem to be used in the above matters.

Traditional and Non-Traditional Music [Music]

Question:What is the ruling of traditional and non-traditional music?
Answer: Music that is proper for Haraam gatherings is Haraam and other than that doesn’t have problem.
All Pages : 179