A Brief Introduction in to the Life of Imam JawÁd (Ýa)
How can the life of Imam JawÁd (Ýa) best be summarized?
The Ninth Imam (Ýa) was named MuÎammad, his Kunyah was AbÙ JaÝfar, and his titles were TaqÐ and JawÁd; he was born in the holy month of RamaÃÁn in the year 195 HijrÐ in the city of Medina. His mother was named SabÐkah and she was from the family of MarÐyah QubÔÐyah, the wife of the Prophet (Ò). She possessed great ethical virtues and was the best woman of her time. Imam RiÃÁ (Ýa) has mentioned her as a woman of great purity and virtue.
On the day that Imam RiÃÁ (Ýa) passed away, Imam JawÁd (Ýa) was only eight years old; he in turn was martyred at the age of twenty five and he was buried in the cemetery of the Quraysh in Baghdad, next to the grave of his grandfather, MusÁ ibn JaÝfar. Imam JawÁd’s (Ýa) imamate was contemporary with the rule of two Abbasid caliphs, namely MaÞmÙn (193-218) and MuÝtaÒim (218-227). Both of these tyrannical rulers forced him to leave his home in Medina and move to Baghdad; there, the caliphs kept a very close watch on the Imam (Ýa) the entire time that he resided there.
 KulaynÐ, UÒÙl al-kÁfÐ, Tehran, Maktabah al-ÑadÙq, 1381 HijrÐ, vol. 1, p. 492; Shaykh MufÐd, Al-IrshÁd, Qum, Maktabah BaÒÐratÐ, p. 316.
 KulaynÐ, UÒÙl al-kÁfÐ, p. 315 and 492; Ibn Shahr ÀshÙb, ManÁqib Àl AbÐ ÓÁlib, Qum, Al-MaÔbaÝat al-ÝIlmÐyah, vol. 4, p. 379.
 MasÝÙdÐ, IthbÁt al-waÒÐyah, Najaf, ManshÙrÁt al-MaÔbaÝat al-ÍaydarÐyah, 1374 HijrÐ, p. 209.
 MajlisÐ, BiÎÁr al-anwÁr, Tehran, Al-Maktabah al-IslÁmÐyah, 1395 HijrÐ, vol. 50, p. 15: قدّست امّ ولدته خلقت طاهره مطهره
 KulaynÐ, UÒÙl al-kÁfÐ, p. 492; Shaykh MufÐd, Al-IrshÁd, p. 316; ÓabarsÐ, p. 344.
 Taken from the text: SÐrah PÐshvÁyÁn, MahdÐ PÐshvÁÐ, p. 529.
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