Grand Ayatollah Makarem Shirazi has issued his ruling regarding the amount of Zakāt al-fitrah. Based on the ruling no. 1692 in the al-fitrah book of practical Islamic laws by Grand Ayatollah Makarem Shirazi, paying Zakāt al-fitrah is obligatory upon all mature, mentally sane, and financially capable individuals and is to be paid starting from the night of Eid al-fitrah. This means that the provider of a family must give out as Zakāt a Sā’ [almost three kilograms] of their staple food for himself as well as his family members and those whom he provides for. The staple food of various people varies in different regions, but whether it is wheat bread, dates, rice, or corn, one needs to give three kilograms of it out as Zakāt al-fitrah to the poor. Moreover, it is enough if one calculates the price of the Zakāt al-fitrah and pays its equal price to the poor.
Furthermore, according to the Fatwa of Grand Ayatollah Makarem Shirazi, the guests, who are invited to another person’s house for break-fast on the day before Eid Al-fitr, must pay their own Zakāt al-fitrah and their host has no responsibility in this regard.
According to the Fatwa of Grand Ayatollah Makarem Shirazi, the amount of this year’s Zakāt al-fitrah for those whose staple food is wheat bread [and who live in Tehran] is 7000 Tomans, and in other regions within country is 6000 Tomans [for each person]. For those whose staple food is rice, the amount of Zakāt Al-fitrah will be 15000 Tomans each.
The amount for compensation of an unintentionally missed fast is 2000 Tomans which has to be paid to buy bread [for the poor], and the amount for compensation of a deliberately missed fast is 120.000 Tomans.
According to Some representatives of His Eminence, the amount of this year’s Zakāt al-fitrah in other countries is as below:
Austria: 7 EUR
Tanzania: TZS 7,200.00
New Zealand: $7.50 nzd
South Africa: R45.00