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بسم الله الرحمن الرحیم
Rulings Regarding Prayer- Qiyām- part 4
If one falls sick and is unable to perform prayer while standing, but they think they will probably be able to perform their prayer standing by the end of prayer time, based on obligatory precaution they must wait until they manage to perform their prayer in standing position.
However, if one cannot finally perform the entire prayer while standing, they should perform it in standing position as much as they can even by leaning on something like a crutch, but if they cannot keep on standing through the prayer, they should perform the rest of the prayer sitting and if they could not keep on praying while sitting either, they perform the rest of the prayer in lying position.
However, whenever they become able to sit up again or even stand up they must do so, but they must not recite the dhikrs of prayer while moving.
Sometimes, worshippers might be able to perform prayers in standing position, but based on rational probability they consider it likely that standing be detrimental to their body or that it prolongs their illness. In that case they should not perform prayers standing, but rather they can sit down.
Rulings Regarding Prayer- Qiyām- part 3
In previous episodes, we talked about Qiyām, which is one of the obligatory parts of prayer.
However, being obligatory does not mean that one's prayer will become invalid if they are unable to stand for Qiyām.
If one can stand only by leaning on a crutch, against a wall or the like, or if they can stand by keeping their legs apart, then they must perform their prayers in standing position.
Even if one can perform part of the prayer in standing position, it is obligatory for them to stand for performing that part, but they can perform the rest of the prayer in sitting position. However, if standing becomes extremely arduous for them anyway, they can perform the entire prayer while sitting.
Those who are disabled due to spinal cord injury and cannot perform their prayers even while sitting, they must do so in lying position. They must, however, face Qibla even in lying position in the following manner:
In the next episode, I will explain the rest of issues pertaining to performing prayers in sitting and lying positions. (to be continued)
Qiyām- Second Episode
We said that qiyām is one of the obligatory parts of prayer. One of the obligatory acts when standing for qiyām is keeping the body at rest. Therefore, if the body starts moving while reciting takbiratul ihrām or during the qiyām connected to rukū', regardless of whether it is done intentionally or inadvertently, one must complete the prayer and perform it again.
But if one stands for qiyām to recite Surah al-Fatiha and the other surah or Tasbihāt, and inadvertently move their body or legs or bend, their prayer is not invalidated.
However, in such a case, the obligatory precaution demands that one recite the dhikr he has already recited in motion one more time once the body stands still.
The same ruling applies when someone collides with an individual who is performing prayer and causes their body to move, meaning as an obligatory precaution they must repeat the dhikr they have already recited in motion once their boy stands still.
The rest of the rulings pertaining to qiyām will be explained in the next episode.
Rulings Rgarding Prayer
Qiyām, or standing, is one of the obligatory acts of prayer which is better to be performed with humility, stooped shoulders, hands put on the thighs, fingers stretched while touching each other, and an upright posture. While standing, one should look at the place of sajdah. Furthermore, the weight of the body must be in equilibrium, women's legs should be touching each other, and men's legs should be slightly apart.
Qiyām is obligatory in four parts of prayer, two of which are Rukn and the other two are non-Rukn.
Rukn qiyāms are as follows: 1. Qiyām while saying takbiratul ihrām 2. Qiyām prior to Ruku'- which is called "the Qiyām connected to Ruku.
If these two types of qiyām are not performed, whether intentionally or inadvertently, prayer becomes invalid.
Non-Rukn Qiyāms are as follows: 1. Qiyām while reciting Surah al-Fatiha and the other surah 2. Qiyām after Ruku' and before Sajdah.
If these two kinds of Qiyām are not performed intentionally, prayer is invalidated. We will go on to explain the rest of rulings pertaining to Qiyām in next episode.
Rulings Regarding Prayer
In the previous episode, we explained niyyah. Just after niyyah, it is time for takbiratul ihrām, which is considered the first part of prayer. The dhikr "Allahu Akbar" is called takbiratul ihrām, with which prayer commences and which must be recited in correct Arabic, and as it is one the rukn obligatory acts, prayer is invalidated if it is not recited, whether intentionally or inadvertently. Even if someone recites the takbir intentionally twice it invalidates their prayer.
Furthermore, if one is dumb or cannot utter takbir correctly due to some illness or any other reason, they must try to say it in whatever way they can, and if they cannot say takbir at all, the obligatory precaution demands that they indicate it with their hand and with sign language commonly used by the deaf; besides that, they should make it pass through the heart.
When saying takbir, it is recommended for one to raise both their hands up to their ears, but they should recite it at the moment their body is still, meaning that if they recite takbir while bending over, moving or walking, their prayer is invalid.
If one doubts whether or not they have recited takbir correctly they must not recite it again, and must go on with the prayer. Moreover, if one doubts while reciting surah al-Fatiha or the other Surah whether or not they have recited takbiratul Ihrām, their doubt is still unjustified and they must not pay any attention to it. But if one has not yet started to recite al-Fatiha, they should say takbir again.