Birthday Anniversary of Imam Hassan al-Mujtba ('a)

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Ayatollah Makarem Shirazi's Official Website

Birthday Anniversary of Imam Hassan al-Mujtba ('a)

On this auspicious day Ayatollah Makarem Shirazi's Website releases a brief biography of the Imam ('a)

  • A Brief Introduction in to the Life of Imam Hasan ('a)

The second Imam of the Shias was born in the middle of the holy month of Ramadan, during the 3rd year Hijrī, in the holy city of Medina. He was the son of Imam ‘Alī (‘a) and the Lady Fatimah (‘a), the daughter of the Holy Prophet (ṣ) of Islam.[1]

Imam Hasan (‘a) was no older than seven when the Holy Prophet (ṣ) passed away. After the passing of the Prophet (ṣ), his father Amīr al-Mu’minīn (‘a) lived for approximately another 30 years, until he was martyred in the year 40 Hijrī. At this point, he was s e l e c ted for the divine station of the Imamate and he held this position for approximately 10 years until his martyrdom at the behest of Mū’āwīya in the year 50 Hijrī. He died at the age of 48 and was buried in the graveyard of Baqī’ in Medina.[2]

 

  • How did Imam Hasan ibn ‘Alī (‘a) introduce himself in front of Mu’āwīyah

Muḥib al-Dīn Ṭabarī has narrated that Mu’āwīyah said to the Imam (‘a): Stand up and deliver a sermon for the people. Abū Sa’īd has said that: The following was a part of what the Imam (‘a) said [3]: Oh people, whoever knows me, knows me and whoever does not know me, I am Hasan ibn ‘Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib. I am the son (meaning descendent) of the Prophet of God (ṣ). I am the son of the one who gave glad tidings. I am the son of the one who warned. I am the son of the bright light. I am the son of the decoration of the heavens. I am the son of he who was commissioned as the mercy to the worlds. I am the son of he who was sent to the Jinns and the humans. I am the son of he whom the earth was made a place of prostration and was made pure for. I am the son of he whom God kept away impurity from and made him completely pure

 

 

 

 

Appendix:

 

[1] Ibn Shahrashūb, Manāqib Āal Abī Ṭālib, edited by Ḥajj Sayyid Hāshim Rasūlī Maḥallāti, Qum, Mu’asisah’ Intishārāt ‘Allāmah, vol. 4, p. 28; Shaykh Mufīd, al-‘Irshād, Qum, Manshūrāt Maktabah Baṣīratī, (Bī Tā) p. 187; Ibn Athīr, Usd al-qābah fī ma’rifah al-saḥābah, Tehran, Al-Maktabah Islāmiya, vol. 2, p. 10; Ibn Ḥajar ‘Asqalānī, Al-Isābah fī tamayyūz al-saḥābah, First Edition, Beirut, Dār Aḥyā’ al-Tarāth al-‘Arabī, 1328 Hijrī Qamarī, vol. 1, p. 328.

 

[2] Taken from the text: Sīrah Pīshvāyān, Mahdī Pīshvāī, p. 87

 

[3] Dakhā’ir al-‘uqbā, p. 140. [2] Ahl Bayt Az Dīdgāhe Ahl Sunnat, ‘Alī Aṣghar Riḍwānī, p. 28: «ایّها الناس! من عرفنى فقد عرفنى و من لم یعرفنى فأنا الحسن بن على بن ابى طالب، أنابن رسول الله، أنابن البشیر، أنا بن النذیر، أنابن السراج المنیر، أنابن مزنة السماء، أنابن من بُعِث رحمة للعالمین، أنابن من بُعِث الى الجنّ و الانس. أنا بن من قاتلت معه الملائکة، أنابن من جعلت له الارض مسجداً و طهوراً. أنابن من اذهب الله عنهم الرجس و طهّرهم تطهیراً...»

 


Published on: « 2019/5/20 »
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