The Official Website of Grand Ayatollah Makarem Shirazi
The Official Website of Grand Ayatollah Makarem Shirazi
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توجه داشته باشید این فرم تنها به جهت درج نظرات، انتقادات و یا پیشنهادات در دسترس شما قرار گرفته و جهت ارسال هرگونه سوال شرعی، اعتقادی، تفسیری و ... می توانید از طریق بخش های ارسال سوال و یا ارتباط برخط اقدام نمایید و همچنین جهت پرسش سوالات شرعی می توانید با ارسال پیامک به شماره 10000100 ( از سراسر کشور بدون نیاز به پیش شماره) سؤال خود را مطرح کرده و جواب دریافت کنید.
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«In the name on Allah»
In order to make a decision and do a task, one should first think it over to find the correct way, then consult with experienced persons and after all if he does not have any conclusion, one can do Istikharah. However, it is not allowed to predict the future of a person or a task by Quran
By clicking Istikharah button you choose a verse from the Holy Quran and his eminence’s view on the verse will be displayed
نرم افزار استخاره با توجه به نظرات حضرت آیت الله العظمی مکارم شیرازی (مد ظله العالی )
در این نرم افزار همچون وقتی که خودتان بعد از خواندن دعای استخاره صفحه ای از قرآن را به صورت اتفاقی باز میکنید، با فشار دادن دکمهی «استخاره» نیز به همان شکل به صورت اتفاقی صفحه ای از قرآن را انتخاب میکنید؛
توجه کنید بر خلاف برخی نرم افزار ها که تنها بین تعداد محدودی از آیات امکان انتخاب وجود دارد (302 آیه) و کل قرآن موجود نیست، در این نرم افزار تمام قرآن موجود است و شما در حقیقت در بین تمامی صفحات، صفحهای را انتخاب میکنید.
در واقع خودتان استخاره گرفته اید نه دیگری، همانطور که در مفاتیح هم آمده است، اگر کسی خودش استخاره بگیرد بهتر از آن است که دیگری برای او این کار را انجام دهد.
حالا باید جواب استخارهی خود را از اولین آیهی صفحهی سمت راست بدست آورید و ما در این نرم افزار نظر حضرت آیت الله العظمی مکارم شیرازی (مد ظله) در مورد همان آیه را به شما نمایش میدهیم؛ چرا که تفسیر یک مرجع فقیه و مفسر قرآن از یک آیه بسیار بهتر از تفسیر خود ماست.
لازم به ذکر است برای استخاره تنها کافیست سه بار صلوات بفرستید و دعاهای مختلفی که آمده است همه مستحب هستند.
Question:If a person forgets qunūt and remembers the matter after rukū‘ of the same rak‘at ,then what is the ruling of that?
Answer: This person can perform qunūt after rukū‘ and then go for sajdah without rukū‘ and continue the prayer.
Question:I don’t know exactly when I became mature. When and with what intention should I perform my qaḍā prayers that remained from the beginning of my maturity?
Answer: Perform the number of prayers that you are certain you have missed with the intention of obligatory qaḍā and if you want to perform more than that, perform them with the intention of precautionary qaḍā.
Question:Should we raise our hands to our ears during the intention of sajdah al-sahw? And is it necessary to declare the intention verbally?
Answer: None of them is necessary and the verbal declaration of the intention is not permissible as an obligatory precaution.
Question:1- Is it permissible to recite the qunūt of obligatory prayers in Persian or any other languages? 2- What about other prayers like night prayer? 3- Is it permissible to pray whatever we want in qunūt and say whatever we want to ask Allah in qunūt?
Answer: 1- It is not permitted. 2- It is like the previous issue. 3- Yes, you can ask all religious lawful matters from Allah.
Question:How should the start and end of the distance be calculated for the distance where prayer becomes shortened?
Answer: The distance between the last house of the departure city and the first house of the destination city should be considered as the distance for prayer to be shortened.
Question:I always travel and according to the rulings of Imam Khomeini I should perform prayers complete except the first travel, but I work on a ship and I don’t know where my first travel begins, which brings about the following questions 1- Does the travel from home to seaport before joining the ship is considered as the first travel (because this travel is the prerequisite of the main travel)? 2- Or the travel begins from joining the ship and continues until reaching the destination (there is the possibility of staying some other days in seaport before departure)? 3- Is the beginning of the travel marked by moving from the source port until reaching the destination?
Answer: Your going out of your house to the work place and then going to sail from there until reaching the destination are all consider as one travel.
Question:Is closing the eyes during prayer impermissible? Is it permissible if we can pay more attention to Allah by doing this act?
Answer: This act is makrūh (abominable) unless this is the only way of having presence of the heart (full concentration).
Question:It is about one month since I’ve come to Japan for pleasure and I’ve stayed in Tokyo. Here in Japan around 4-5 earthquakes happen on a daily basis and because of high-tech construction methods used in constructing the buildings here most earthquakes are felt as small quakes here. Considering the fact that earthquake is a normal daily matter in this country, please guide me about performing the sign prayer and the number of times I need to perform it every day. Is it necessary for me to perform one sign prayer for each earthquake?
Answer: You should perform the sign prayer for each earthquake that is felt, but if it repeats during the prayer then that prayer will suffice. If repeating the Sign prayer causes considerable hardship for you, then you can perform it as much as is convenient for you.
Question:Is one’s paternal homeland considered as one’s own homeland (Waṭan)?
Answer: The Paternal homeland of a person is not considered as the homeland of that person unless he/she stays there continuously for a long time like one year.
Question:I have to travel to another city four days every week because of my occupation so I am in my own city three days a week and in another city four days a week. How should I perform my prayers and fasting?
Answer: Your prayers and fasting should be performed complete in both places.
Question:When is the beginning and the end of the time for performing morning nāfilah?
Answer: The time of the morning nāfilah starts before the Fajr prayer , f r o m the Fajr adhan until the appearance of redness in the east, and it is possible to perform that immediately after the night prayer.
Question:In which direction should Muslims of Los Angeles who live in west of America perform their prayers in order to be correctly aligned towards the qiblah? Albeit, famous qiblah-finders like “Razm Ara” and others show the direction of the qibla for New York which is situated on the east coast of America. The qibla for Los Angeles which is a six–hour-flight f r o m New York cannot be found using these devices. This is why people don’t know exactly what their duty is, and they perform their prayers toward just any direction according to the verse “اَیْنَمَا تُوَلُّوا فَثَمَّ وَجْهُ اللَّهِ”1 (so whithersoever you turn, there is the face of Allah) What is the duty of these people?
Answer: Stand in the direction which is well-known among the Muslims as the direction of the qiblah and that would be enough.
Question:When a wife has no choice but to leave her homeland because her husband is leaving that place, is she considered to have abandoned her homeland or does the matter depend on her intention?
Answer: It depends on the intention of the wife, if she hopes to convince her husband to return then it is not considered as abandoning the homeland and if there is no hope, then it is considered to be an inevitable abandonment.
Question:My question is that what is the ruling as to when one wants to travel somewhere and stays there for 11 or 14 days or more? Please answer that when 10 days is counted from? For example if I stay from 3rd day until the 13th day of a month then how does it count?
Answer: If a person wants to stay 10 days or more in a place, in this case prayers should be performed complete and the person must fast. And if this person wants to stay less than 10 days then prayers should be performed shortened and the person cannot fast. The beginning of 10 days is from the moment of entering the destination, for example from noon of the first day of arrival until noon of the next day is considered as one day.
Question:If a person stands in a direction other than the direction of the qiblah and we know the correct direction is it our duty to tell him/her? Is the act of enjoining the good and prohibiting the evil necessary here?
Answer: It is not necessary but it is better to correct their mistake.
Question:What is the ruling regarding the prayer of a traveler who makes the intention of staying less than 10 days so he should perform prayers shortened but he forgets the matter?
Answer: He should perform the qaḍā of prayers (i.e. perform them again later as compensation) that he has performed completely.
Question:Is it permissible to reserve a place for another person in the row of a congregation? (It means that we place a turbah for another person and don’t let other people to sit there) Or is the criterion piety or earlier arrival?
Answer: There is no issue with doing this, but if that person doesn’t join the congregation before rukū‘ of the first rak‘at then his/her right is voided.
Question:The prayer-leader of a congregational prayer is reciting the Four Tasbihāt in prayers in which al-fātiḥa and sūrah should be recited loudly and the ma’mūm is performing his second rak‘at and wants to recite al-fātiḥa and sūrah should he/she recite them loudly or in a low voice?
Answer: He/She should recite them in a low voice.
Question:I feel I am closer to Allah swt in congregational prayer and this matter causes the lengthening of my invocations but I fear that this might end up in pretension what is my duty?
Answer: Such fears and doubts are the insinuations of Satan. Don’t pay attention to that and attend the congregational prayer continuously.
Question:Should we recite tashahhud during tajāfi (raising knees from the ground and place one’s body in a half-raised position) or should we stay quiet?
Answer: It is better to recite tashahhud or other dhikrs while in tajāfi posture.
Question:I am an M.A student and when we don’t have a prayer-leader for our congregational prayers in university, my friends insist that I act as the prayer leader of the congregation but I don’t consider myself Just because of my sins (even cardinal sins). What is my duty?
Answer: If other people consider you just then there is no problem for you to be Imam of congregation.
Question:What is the ruling for a Shia attending the Friday Prayer in Sunni countries (e.g. Malaysia) under the current conditions of the world and what your advice is to a Shia about the importance of this divine obligatory act and the need of the Muslim world for unity and its need for showing the power of unity?
Answer: Attending their Friday Prayer with the intention of creating a great unity among Muslims is good and suffices in lieu of noon prayer on Friday. Furthermore, under such conditions, there is no issue with prostrating on carpet.
Question:What is the ruling for the prayers and fasting of a proxy who has qaḍā prayers and fasts himself/herself. Can he be hired for performing another person’s missed prayers and fasts?
Answer: It is permissible.
Question:Does a traveler have the right to choose between full and shortened prayer in the old and new sections of Mecca and Medina like al-Masjid al-Nabawi and al-Masjid al-Harām or he/she should perform shortened prayers?
Answer: Travelers have the right to perform their prayers in al-Masjid al-Harām and al-Masjid al-Nabawi and also all of Mecca and Medina complete or shortened and complete prayer is better and there is no difference between old and new parts of Mecca and Medina.
Question:My father had a stroke 5 years ago and now he has passed away. He performed his prayers during these years incorrectly or he didn’t perform them at all because of his illness, also he didn’t fast in these years. Now, what is our duty? Should we perform the qaḍā of the prayers and fasts that he missed or not? PS: the compensation (fidyah) for the fasts that he missed has been paid.
Answer: If the same illness led to his death and he was not able to perform the qaḍā of his prayers and fasts then there is no need to perform their qaḍā. However, if he regained his health and was able to perform them but he did not, it is obligatory on his elder son to make up for them. But those that he had performed incorrectly although it is not obligatory for his elder son but he had better perform their qaḍā.
Question:Is the distance between two locations of Friday Prayers calculated based on the way that people wend or the straight distance between the two locations, and what is the reason for this matter?
Answer: The itinerant distance is the criterion for the calculation of distance in religious issues. The reason for this ruling is that what could generally be understood from traditional proofs (ḥadīths) is the itinerant distance which is calculated based on the normal way traversed by people. This is particularly emphasized because usually the direct way between two locations is shorter than the normal itinerant distance between them that people usually wend. Therefore if the direct way were the criterion for calculating distance in religious issues then it should have been explicitly mentioned in narrations.
Question:If two persons are hired for performing the qaḍā prayers of a dead person, then can they begin simultaneously or one should wait until the other finishes his share of the prayers?
Answer: They can perform the prayers simultaneously.