The Official Website of Grand Ayatollah Makarem Shirazi

The Official Website of Grand Ayatollah Makarem Shirazi

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The Duty of University Students about the Issues of Palestine [Politics]

Question:What is our duty about Palestine, considering present conditions of Palestinian Muslims and impossibility of physical presence and jihad for Muslims of other countries? What is the specific duty of university students about this matter according to your opinion?
Answer: The issue of Palestine is a completely serious issue and Intifada is more fervent than any other time in its recent form and international conditions and the conditions of Islamic countries are so much different with the past that its explanation cannot be explained in here. Accordingly, more serious actions should be performed. But according to the fact that separate actions have no result, especially in our time, a calculated plan should be made by presence of representatives of different organizations and following that we should support Palestinians who are under the attacks of brutal enemies, everyday. We demand this gathering for planning and consider it necessary.

Ruling of Hunger Strike by Prisoners [Politics]

Question:What is the opinion of Islam about hunger strike which some of political and non-political prisoners perform for complaining against improper conditions of the prison or against the sentence of the court?
Answer: If it doesn't cause important harm to their body or life then it doesn't have problem, except that the prisoner is in serious danger that has no other way except hunger strike for escaping from the danger, that in this case it is also permitted.

Strike of Government Clerks for Objecting against the Insult of Religion [Politics]

Question:What is the ruling of strike of government clerks for objecting the rulings which are issued by the court and insult the religion or vilifies that, considering that sometimes these acts cause them to lose their jobs?
Answer: Cases are different; sometimes, the matter which he/she has struck for is more important for Islam like that sacred entities of religion or Muslim countries or Muslims themselves are in danger. And sometimes, that matter is less important to the danger which it has for the striker. Briefly, the ruling is in the circle of the rule of important and more important.

Calm Demonstration against the Policies of Oppressor Governor [Politics]

Question:Is it permissible to perform calm demonstration against the policies of an oppressor governor which its duty is religious government? By considering that other methods of complaining had no result and this method may have the danger of being killed then is this act considered as a kind of defensive jihad?
Answer: Whenever Islam is in danger and there is no way other than this for saving Islam then this act is permitted after taking the permission from religious governor. But this act shouldn't be performed obstinately and without a plan because it causes separation and weakness in this way.

Criterion for Application of Desecration in Portraying Infallibles (a.s.) [Cinema]

Question:What is the criterion for application of desecration in portraying? What is the ruling of broadcasting that f r o m IRIB?
Answer: The criterion is that it is considered desecration according to convention and if it is desecrating then it is not permitted.

To Make Quippy and Comedy Movies [Cinema]

Question:What is the ruling of making comedy and healthy entertaining movies?
Answer: It doesn't have problem.

To Make Horror Movies [Cinema]

Question:What is the ruling of making horror movies in order to remind the death to the people?
Answer: If it doesn't cause harms or damages then it doesn't have problem.

Filming the Mosques and Holy Places [Cinema]

Question:What is the ruling of filming the mosques in which the actor should play? What about holy places and shrines of Imams' children?
Answer: If it doesn't desecrate the mosque and doesn't disturb prayer-performers then it doesn't have problem.

Actors to Wear the Clothes of Clergies [Cinema]

Question:What is the ruling of wearing the clothes of clergies by actors?
Answer: If respect of the clothes is observed then it doesn't have problem.

Filming the Dead Persons and their Corpses [Cinema]

Question:What is the ruling of filming the dead bodies and those which are enshrouded in documentaries?
Answer: If they don't open the shroud and respect to the dead body then it doesn't have problem.

To Watch Foreign Movies for Learning Filmmaking [Cinema]

Question:What is the ruling of watching the movies in which women have incomplete veil in order to learn filmmaking?
Answer: If learning the science of filmmaking is for sacred goals and watching those movies doesn't cause corruption then it doesn't have problem.

To Use Women in Filmmaking [Cinema]

Question:Is it permissible to use actress for making a movie, considering that the director should talk and practice with the actress?
Answer: If chastity is observed then it doesn't have problem.

Makeup in Filmmaking [Cinema]

Question:One of the acts of filmmaking is makeup. Is this act permitted?
Answer: If it is not performed by non-Mahram persons then it doesn't have problem.

A Part of the Bodies of Actresses to be Shown in the Movie [Cinema]

Question:What is the ruling of shaving the beard for male actors and visibility of under the throat and some of the hairs and form of the chest and some parts of lower part of the body for female actresses?
Answer: Shaving the beard is against the precaution, except that there is a necessity. But showing the foresaid parts in front of non-Mahram persons is not permitted for women; except that it is filmed by a Mahram person and then they show the movie. In this case, if it is no the source of any specific corruption then it doesn't have problem.

To Advertise Foreign Products [Commercial Propaganda]

Question:Is it permissible to advertise foreign products?
Answer: If it doesn't cause any damage for Muslims then it doesn't have problem.

To Advertise Harmful Products [Commercial Propaganda]

Question:What is the ruling of advertising harmful products like cigarette and like that?
Answer: It is not permitted.

Advertisement Lies for having More Sale [Commercial Propaganda]

Question:What is the ruling of advertisement lies in the two following cases?
1) Clear lies which everyone recognize their falseness.
2) Lies which nobody will recognize except the experts.
Answer: Lying is not permitted, except that there is an evidence for the matter to be unserious or its virtual meaning.

To Use Images of Women in Product Advertisements [Commercial Propaganda]

Question:Is it permissible to use images of women in order to advertise products and for attracting the costumers?
Answer: This act is not proper for women and their dignity.

To Use Exaggerated Expressions in Advertisements [Commercial Propaganda]

Question:Is it permissible to use exaggerated expressions which are not lies but it is beyond informing and is used for encouraging people to consume?
Answer: If it doesn't deceive people then it doesn't have problem.

News Reporters to Reveal Personal Secrets of Persons [Journalist]

Question:How much is it permissible for a news reporter to reveal the secrets of a person? Is there any difference in revealing between men and women? What about Muslims and non-Muslims?
Answer: Secret of no Muslim is permitted to be revealed, except cases in which more important expediency is available.

News Reporters to Reveal the News of Oppressor Government [Journalist]

Question:If a government is oppressor then how much is it permissible for the news reporter to reveal the secrets, although he/she is the citizen of the same country?
Answer: If broadcasting that news causes ordering to Ma'roof and prohibiting from Munkar and fighting against corruption then it has no problem.

To Bribe Foreigner News Reporters in order to Broadcast News [Journalist]

Question:What is the ruling of bribing foreigner reporters in order to broadcast news in benefits of regime in foreign media?
Answer: This act cannot be called bribing; but it is the wage of a positive, useful and legitimate act and doesn't have problem for the person who pays and the one who takes.

To Accuse the Persons who are Against the Islamic Regime [Journalist]

Question:Sometimes, popular persons don't act in the way of religion and are against the regime. Is it permissible to accuse them in order to destroy their public image and isolate them?
Answer: It is not according to the dignity of Muslim and committed news reporters to use accusations and lies.

Magnification of Persons who are Reliable for Islamic Regime [Journalist]

Question:Some persons who are reliable for regime should be expressed. Is it permissible to make them heroes in order to be introduced in society? What is religious limit of this act?
Answer: If the purpose hero-making is inappropriate exaggeration and magnification then it is not permitted. And if the purpose is introducing unrecognized valuable believer persons then it is a good act and even necessary.

Responsibility of News Reporter in case of Denial of News Source [Journalist]

Question:If a news reporter takes news verbally f r o m a reliable source and distributes that and then that source denies that news because of personal or organizational benefits then is this news reporter responsible although the news is truth and real?
Answer: News reporter is not responsible and should reveal the truth for saving his/her honor.

Inobservance of News Reporter in Choosing News [Journalist]

Question:by considering professional characteristics of news reporting in which speed, precision and correctness should be performed together, if news subject is not considered or its details are reported incompletely according to the importance of reporting speed in a group of received news subjects or in any received news subject, which news reporter has to choose f r o m them based on professional and experimental criterions then is news reporter responsible? And if beneficiary parties complain then is it necessary for the news reporter to present at the court and answer for this matter?
Answer: If this act is performed because of negligence and it has violated any right then the news reporter is responsible, but if it is a kind of those mistakes which happen for fallible persons then news reporter is not responsible. But if it causes any damage then he/she should compensate that, because in financial or physical damages both deliberateness and involuntariness make responsibility, with this difference that deliberateness has also punishment but mistake doesn't have punishment.

Ordering to Ma'roof and Prohibiting from Munkar by News Reporters [Journalist]

Question:How should a reporter order to Ma'roof and prohibit from Munkar against anti-values?
Answer: Reporter can also act according to the regulations of ordering to Ma'roof; when there is a possibility of effectiveness, and it has no harm, and it is certain that the act is Munkar, he/she should perform the duty of ordering to Ma'roof and prohibiting from Munkar, except that he/she has to risk his/her occupation for this act (that acts as a Kafa'ee obligatory act); in this case the reporter can perform this act indirectly, which means through other persons.

News Reporters and Fight against Cultural Assault [Journalist]

Question:How is it possible for a reporter to fight against cultural assault?
Answer: A reporter can help indirectly by informing the persons who are ready for the duty in this fight, also by revealing the truths in the society, especially by informing people about harmful effects of this assault.
All Pages : 178