Imam Sajjād (‘a) and the Exposition of the Virtues of Imam ‘Alī (‘a) in Syria

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Imam Sajjād (‘a) and the Exposition of the Virtues of Imam ‘Alī (‘a) in Syria

Question: How did Imam Sajjād (‘a) describe the virtues of Imam ‘Alī (‘a) in his sermon in Syria?
Concise answer:
Detailed answer: Imam Sajjād (‘a) introduced and elucidated the character of Imam ‘Alī (‘a) in Yazīd’s gathering in order to expose the realities of the situation that had taken place in all the previous years of the Umayyad rule. He said the following: ‘I am the son of he who fought in front of the Prophet (ṣ) with two swords and two spears. He emigrated twice[1] and he pledged his allegiance twice.[2] He fought in Badr and Ḥunayn (with the enemies of Islam) and he did not disbelieve in God for even the twinkling of an eye. I am the son of the worthy individual from amongst the pious believers and I am the son of the inheritor of the prophets, the destroyer of the atheists,  the light of the ones who fight in God’s path, the ornament of the worshippers, and the crown of honor of those who cry (from the fear of God). (I am the son of) the most patient of the patient ones and the best of the ones who rise up (in worship and obedience to God) from the family of the Prophet (ṣ). I am the son of he whom Gabriel and Michael rushed to in his aid.

I am the son of the one who supported the Muslims and who fought against the Māriqīn, those who had left the religion, the Nākithīn, those who had broken their pledge, and the Qāsiṭīn, those who were the oppressors (Mu‘āwīyah and the Syrians). I am the son of this individual who fought hard against the enemies. I am the son of the most honored individual from amongst the Quraysh and I am the son of he who accepted the invitation of God and his Prophet (ṣ) before anyone else and he was the first Muslim (out of the earliest of those who accepted Islam). I am the son of he who destroyed the enemies and the polytheists and I am the son of he who shot an arrow from amongst the divine arrows at the hypocrites. I am the son of he who is the expounder of the wisdom of the worshippers, the helper of God’s religion, the Walī al-Amr of God, the garden of divine wisdom, and the treasury of divine knowledge.

This is the same great individual who is generous… and possesses all of the goodly characteristics. He is pure, hails from the city of Mecca, satisfied with what God wishes, the foremost in acting upon God’s commands, benevolent, patient, fasts often, clean from every pollution, and a man of great worship and prayer.

He is the one who destroyed the capabilities of the enemies and split the various armies of the disbelievers. He possessed more firmness than others, he was stronger in heart, possessed a great will and determination, and had an uncompromising spirit. He was like a fearless lion (in the defense of the religion) and whenever the enemy’s spears and horses came near, he would strike at them in such a way that they would be scattered in to tiny pieces, much like a grindstone… He was like a strong wind that would dissipate and scatter the enemy.

He was the lion of the Ḥijāz and the ruler of Iraq, a man who hailed from Mecca, Medina, the mosque of Khayf (in Minā) and ‘Aqabah.[3] He was one of the leaders of the battle of Badr and Uḥud, and he was one of the participants in the pledge of Shajarah (in the peace treaty of Ḥudaybīyah). He was one of the Muhājirs (who emigrated from Mecca to Medina). He was from the nobles of the Arabs…[4]

Footnote: [1] One of these emigrations was when Imam ÝAlī (Ýa) went from Mecca to Medina and the other may be a reference to the emigration from ṬāÞif alongside the Prophet (ṣ) in the eleventh year Hijrī…

[2] One was the pledge of Riḍwān and the other was the pledge which took place in the year that Mecca was taken by the Muslims…

[3] This is referring to the Pledge of ÝAqabah which took place in the twelfth year of the BiÝthah in Minā.

[4] Taken from the text: ÝĀshūrā, Rīshehā, Ruīdādhā, Payāmadhā, by SaÝīd Dāwūdī and Mahdī Rustam Nezhād (compiled under the guidance of Ayatullah Nāṣir Makārim Shīrāzī)…
Published on: « 1393/01/19 »
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