A Brief Introduction in to the life of Imam Mahdī (Ýa)

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A Brief Introduction in to the life of Imam Mahdī (Ýa)

Question: Can you please give us an introduction in to the life of Imam Mahdī (Ýa)?
Concise answer:
Detailed answer: The 12th Infallible Shia leader, Imam Ḥujjat ibn al-Ḥasan al-Mahdī, Imam Zamān (af) was born on the 15th of the month of ShaÝbān, in the year 255 Hijrī, in the city of SāmarrāÞ.[1] He has the same name and agnomen (Abū al-Qāsim) as the Prophet of Islam (ṣ).[2] The Infallible Imams (Ýa) have refrained from mentioning his primary name.[3]

From amongst the titles of the Imam (Ýa) are the following: Ḥujjat, QāÞim, Khalf Ṣāliḥ, Ṣāḥib al-Zamān,[4] and Baqīyatallah[5]; the most famous of these is that of the Mahdī (Ýa).[6] His father was the 11th leader of the Shia, Imam Ḥasan ÝAskarī (Ýa) and his mother was the honorable lady Narjīs,[7] who has also been mentioned by the names of Rayḥānah, Sūsan, and Ṣaqīl.[8] The degree of the virtue and spirituality of the lady Narjīs Khātūn was considered to be so high, that Ḥakimah, the daughter of Imam Hādī (Ýa), (who was herself a very lofty individual), considered her as being the master from amongst her family and named herself as being her servant.[9]

Imam Mahdī (Ýa) has had two distinct periods of Ghaybah: one of these periods was short in duration (Ghaybat al-Sughrā) and the other is long (Ghaybat al-Kubrā). The first period began from the time of his birth until the era of the ‘Select Representatives’, and the second began from the end of the first, and will continue until the time of his reappearance and revolution.[10]



Peinevesht: [1] Shaykh Mufīd, Al-ÞIrshād, Qum, Maktabah Baṣīratī, p. 346; Fattāl Nayshābūrī, Rawḍat al-wāÝīẓīn, First Edition, Beirut, MuÝassat al-ÝAlamī Lil MaṭbūÝāt, 1406 Hijrī Qamarī, p. 272; Kulaynī, Ūṣūl al-kāfī, Tehran, Maktabah al-Ṣadūq, 1381 Hijrī Qamarī, vol. 1, p. 514; Shaykh Ṭūsī, Al-Ghaybah, Tehran, Maktabah Naynawā al-Ḥadītha, p. 141; Ṭabarsī, ÝIlām al-warā biÝilām al-hūdā, Third Edition, Tehran, Manshūrāt al-Maktabah al-Islāmīya, p. 418; Ibn Ṣabbāgh Mālikī, al-Fuṣūl al-muhhimah, ṬabÝat al-Qadīm, p. 310; In some of the sources, the date of the Imam’s (a) birth has been recorded as having taken place in the year 256 Hijrī. (Ṣadūq, Kamālidīn, Qum, MuÞassasat al-Nashr al-Islāmī (al-TabiÝah) LijamāÝat al-Mudarisīn, 1405 Hijrī Qamarī, p. 432; Shaykh Ṭūsī, al-Ghaybah, p. 137 and 139). According to other sources, the birth took place in the year 258 Hijrī (ÝAlī ibn ÝĪsā al-ÞIrbilī, Kashf al-ghammah, Tabriz, Maktabah Banī Hāshimī, 1381 Hijrī Qamarī, p. 227; Ibn Abī Thalaj Baghdādī, Tārīkh al-ÞaÞimmah, Qum, Maktabah Baṣīratī, p. 15). In addition, Abū JaÝfar Muḥammad ibn Jarīr ibn Rustam Ṭabarī has mentioned the date as having been in the year 257 Hijrī (DalāÞīl al-imāmah, Third Edition, Qum, Manshūrāt al-Rāḍī, p. 271 and 272).

[2] Shaykh Mufīd, Ibid, p. 346; Ṭabarsī, Ibid, p. 417; Irbilī, Ibid, p. 227; Ibn Ṣabbāgh, Ibid, p. 310.

[3] Ṣadūq, Ibid, p. 648; Kulaynī, Ibid, p. 332; Majlisī, Biḥār al-Þanwār, Tehran, al-Maktabah al-Islāmīya, 1393 Hijrī Qamarī, vol. 51, p. 31-34. A question remains as whether the lack of mentioning the main name of the Imam (a) was due to political reasons specific to the time of the minor dissapearance or whether his name was not mentioned out of respect until the time arrives for his reappearance and revolt. There are differences of opinion in this matter amongst the Shia scholars. (Refer to: Ḥajj Mīrzā Ḥusayn Ṭabarsī Nuri, al-Najm al-Ṭāqib, Tehran, Intishārate ÝIlmīye al-Islāmīya, Bāb 2, p. 48 and 49).

[4] Ṭabarsī, Ibid, p. 418; Ibn Ṣabbāgh, Ibid, p. 310.

[5] MasÝūdī, Ithbāt al-waṣīyah, al-ṬabÝat al-Rābia, Najaf, al-MaṭbaÝat Haydarīya, 1374 Hijrī Qamarī, p. 248.

[6] Ibn Ṣabbāgh, Ibid, p. 310.

[7] Shaykh Mufīd, Ibid, p. 346; Ṣadūq, Ibid, p. 432; Ṭabarsī, Ibid, p. 418; MasÝūdī, Ibid, p. 248; Fattāl Nayshābūrī, Ibid, p. 283; Ṭūsī, Ibid, p. 143; Muḥammad ibn Jarīr ibn Rustam Ṭabarī, Ibid, p. 432; Ibn Ṣabbāgh, Ibid, p. 310.

[8] Ṣadūq, Ibid, p. 432; also refer to: Rawḍat al-wāÝiẓīn, p. 292.

Some contemporary researchers have considered it possible that her name was Narjis, and the other names, except for Ṣaqīl, were given to her by Ḥākīmah, the daughter of Imam Jawād (a) (according to some traditions, she had been the slave of Ḥākimah). The people of that time would call their slaves with various names… and Narjīs, Rayḥānah, and Sūsan are all the names of flowers (Doctor Ḥusayn Jāsim, The Political History of The Occulation of the 12th Imam (a), Translated by Doctor Sayyid Muḥammad Taqī Ayatollāhī, First Print, Tehran, MuÞassasah Intishārāt Amīr Kabīr, 1367 Hijrī Shamshi, p. 114).

[9] Fattāl Nayshābūrī, Ibid, p. 283; Ṣadūq, Ibid, p. 427; Majlisī, Ibid, vol. 51, p. 12.

[10] Shaykh Mufīd, Ibid, p. 346.
Published on: « 1393/02/17 »
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