The Love of 'Ali ('a) in the Hearts of the Believers

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The Love of 'Ali ('a) in the Hearts of the Believers

Question: Who is the 96th verse of Surah Maryam referring to?
Concise answer:

The 96th verse of Surah Maryam mentions: “Indeed those who have faith and do righteous deeds—the All-beneficent will endear them [to His creation].”[1] In many of the books of tradition and commentary of the Ahl al-Sunnah (in addition to those of the Shia) there are repeated traditions in regards to the revelation of this verse from the Prophet (ṣ).

Detailed answer:

The 96th verse of Surah Maryam mentions: “Indeed those who have faith and do righteous deeds—the All-beneficent will endear them [to His creation].”[1] In many of the books of tradition and commentary of the Ahl al-Sunnah (in addition to those of the Shia) there are repeated traditions in regards to the revelation of this verse from the Prophet (ṣ). These traditions show that this verse was revealed in regards to Imam ‘Ali (‘a). Amongst these narrations are the following: ‘Allāmah Zamakhsharī in his Kashshāf, Sibṭ ibn Jawzī in his Tadhkirah, Ganjī Shāfi’ī, Qurṭubī in his famous commentary, Muḥib al-Dīn Ṭabarī in his Dhakhā’ir al-’Uqbā, Nayshābūrī in his famous commentary, Ibn Ṣabbāgh Mālikī in his Fuṣūl al-Muhimmah, Suyūṭī in his Durr al-Manthūrr, Haythamī in his Ṣawā’iq al-Muḥriqah, and Ālūsī in his Rūḥ al-Ma’ānī. This shows that these traditions are quite large in number and well represented in a vast variety of books. Now let us look in to detail in to the content of these traditions:

 

1- Tha’labī in his commentary has narrated from Barra’ ibn ‘Āzib that the Prophet (ṣ) said to ‘Ali (‘a): Say oh my Lord, appoint a covenant for me amongst yourself and place my love within the hearts of the believers. It was at this time that the verse: “Indeed those who have faith…” was revealed.[2] The very same tradition (or traditions with very slight differences) can be found in many other books.

2- In many books, it has been narrated from Ibn ‘Abbās that he said: The verse of “Indeed those who have faith…” was revealed in regards to ‘Ali ibn Abī Ṭālib (‘a) and the meaning of the verse is that God has placed his love in the hearts of the believers.[3]

3- In the book Ṣawā’iq, it has been narrated from Muḥammad ibn Ḥanafīyah in the commentary of this verse that: No believer can be found except that he has the love of ‘Ali and his family in his heart.[4]

4- In a authentic narration from Imam ‘Ali (‘a) it has been narrated that: If I was to take this sword and strike a believer with it in order that he hates me, he would not do so and if I was to take the entire world (and all of its blessings) and give it to a hypocrite in order that he loves me, he would not do so. This is because the Prophet (ṣ) told me in the form of a binding principle that: Oh ‘Ali, no believer will ever hold you as an enemy and no hypocrite will ever love you.[5]

5- In a tradition from Imam Ṣadiq (‘a), it has been narrated that: The Prophet (ṣ) in his last prayer supplicated for Imam ‘Ali (‘a) in a way that the people heard his words. He said: Oh God, place the love of ‘Ali (‘a) in the hearts of the believers and similarly place his awe and greatness in the hearts of the hypocrites. During this time, the verse: “Indeed those who have faith…” was revealed.[6] [7]
 

 

Footnote:

[1] «إِنَّ الَّذِینَ آمَنُوا وَ عَمِلُوا الصّالِحاتِ سَیَجْعَلُ لَهُمُ الرَّحْمنُ وُدّاً» [2] Aḥqāq al-ḥaqq, vol. 3, p. 83-86: «قُلِ اللّهُمَّ اجْعَلْ لِى عِنْدَکَ عَهْداً، وَ اجْعَلْ لِى فِى قُلُوبِ الْمُؤْمِنِیْنَ مَوَدَّةً، فَأَنْزَلَ اللّهُ تَعالى إِنَّ الَّذِیْنَ آمَنُوا وَ عَمِلُوا الصّالِحاتِ سَیَجْعَلُ لَهُمُ الرَّحْمنُ وُدّاً » [3] Ibid: «نُزِّلَتْ فِى عَلِىِّ بْنِ أَبِیْطالِب إِنَّ الَّذِینَ آمَنُوا وَ عَمِلُوا الصّالِحاتِ سَیَجْعَلُ لَهُمُ الرَّحْمنُ وُدّا قالَ: مَحَبَّةً فِى قُلُوبِ الْمُؤْمِنِیْنَ» [4] Ibid: «لایَبْقى مُؤْمِنٌ إِلاّ وَ فِى قَلْبِهِ وُدٌّا لِعَلِىٍّ وَ لاَِهْلِبَیْتِهِ» [5] Rūḥ al-ma’ānī, vol. 16, p. 130; Majma’ al-bayān, vol. 6, p. 533; Nahj al-balāghah, Kalimāt qaṣār, word 45: «لَوْ ضَرَبْتُ خَیْشُومَ الْمُؤْمِنِ بِسَیْفِى هذا عَلى أَنْ یُبْغِضَنِی ما أَبْغَضَنِى وَ لَوْ صَبَبْتُ الدُّنْیا بِجَمّاتِها عَلَى الْمُنافِقِ عَلى أَنْ یُحِبَّنِى ما أَحَبَّنِى وَ ذلِکَ أَنَّهُ قُضِىَ فَانْقَضَى عَلى لِسانِ النَّبِىِّ الاْ ُمِّىِّ(صلى الله علیه وآله) أَنَّهُ قالَ لایُبْغِضُکَ مُؤْمِنٌ وَ لایُحِبُّکَ مُنافِقٌ» [6] Nūr al-thaqalyan, vol. 3, p. 343: «أَللّهُمَّ هَبْ لِعَلِىٍّ الْمَوَدَّةَ فِى صُدُورِ الْمُؤْمِنِیْنَ، وَ الْهَیْبَةَ وَ الْعَظَمَةَ فِى صُدُورِ الْمُنافِقِیْنَ فَأَنْزَلَ اللّهُ إِنَّ الَّذِینَ آمَنُوا...» [7] Taken from the text: Tafsīr Nemūneh, Ayatullah Makārim Shīrāzī, Dār al-Kutub al-Islāmīyah, 25th Edition, vol. 13, p. 168.



 


Published on: « 1393/02/21 »
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