The Official Website of Grand Ayatollah Makarem Shirazi

The Official Website of Grand Ayatollah Makarem Shirazi

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Salat Motion 7: Rulings Regarding Prayer; Clothes Worn in Prayer Part 3
Salat Motion 7: Rulings Regarding Prayer; Clothes Worn in Prayer Part 3

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7 Visits: 8/4/2020 5:26:50 AM Published on: 15 MB Size: 88 Duration:
Salat Motion 6: Rulings Regarding Prayer; Clothes Worn in Prayer Part 2
Salat Motion 6: Rulings Regarding Prayer; Clothes Worn in Prayer Part 2

Rulings of Prayer

Dress Code: Part Two

As previously discussed prayer performed with a Najis body or in Najis clothes is void. However, there are some exceptions. Let's have a look at these exceptions:

1.            If the body or clothes are stained with blood and the stain is smaller than a finger phalanx, it is ok to perform prayer with it.

2.            If one’s small pieces of clothing such as socks or hat are Najis, they can be worn during prayer regardless of the amount or kind of Najāsa (impurity) on them.

3.            If one’s body or clothes become Najis due to the bloody scar of a wound or a pimple and one performs prayers like that, the prayer will be valid.

4.            If, during prayer, one carries a small Najis item in one’s pocket -so small that the private parts could not be covered with it- like a handkerchief, the prayer is valid even though the recommended precaution demands that even this little bit of impurity be avoided; However, if the Najāsa of this item comes in contact to the clothes the prayer is invalidated.

5.            In the case someone is stuck somewhere with a Najis body or in Najis clothes and changing or purifying the body or clothes is not possible or the time for prayer is so short, they are permitted to perform their prayer in that condition.

6.            When a nanny is unable to easily find pure clothes for prayer. This case has some details though so you may refer to Ayatollah Makarem Shirazi’s Practical Laws of Islam for further information.

66 Visits: 7/29/2020 10:50:23 AM Published on: 13 MB Size: 108 Duration:
SalatMotion 5: Rulings Regarding Prayer; Clothes Worn in Prayer Part 1
SalatMotion 5: Rulings Regarding Prayer; Clothes Worn in Prayer Part 1

Rulings of Prayer

Part One: Dress code

In the previous episodes we reviewed the extent of covering required in prayer for both men and women.

Today, we will discuss the necessary conditions of the clothes worn while performing prayer.

  1. Based on obligatory precaution, the clothes must not be Ghasbi (Seized from someone without their permission or consent)

They

2.            must not contain parts of a corpse

3.            be made of the Harām meat animal’s skin

4.            be made of pure silk or woven with gold (only for men)

and finally

5.            They must not be najis

meaning that they must not be polluted by ritually impure items such as blood, urine, etc.

Now, if someone performs prayer while wearing Najis clothes or while their body is Najis, their prayer is void even if they did so because they failed to learn the ruling

However, if a person is doubtful whether or not their clothes are Najis, they can perform their prayer with the same clothes and there is no need to change or wash their clothes.

If someone was unaware that the clothes they were praying in had actually been Najis and realized this later, their prayer is valid.

However, if they knew that their clothes have become Najis but then they forgot it and performed prayer in those clothes, they are required to reperform that prayer, even if they are in the midst of the prayer. Likewise, If they remember this after the time for prayer is up, they still are required to perform the Qaḍā prayer.

there are some exceptions though, where one is allowed to perform prayer in Najis clothes or with a Najis body which will be explained in the next episode inshaAllah. Stay tuned.

89 Visits: 7/27/2020 10:37:36 AM Published on: 10 MB Size: 115 Duration:
Salat Motion 4: Rulings Regarding Prayer; Dress Code Part 2
Salat Motion 4: Rulings Regarding Prayer; Dress Code Part 2

The Rulings of Prayer: Dress Code Part 2

 

Women are to observe full hijab while performing their prayer like a pearl in the oyster shell.

It is befitting that they wear a chador while performing prayer

Performing prayers without chador or with a transparent chador is permissible only if one has observed full hijab beneath the chador meaning that the entire body except for the face, hands down to the wrist and feet down to the ankles has been covered, also the clothes should not be too tight or transparent to reveal the shape of the body.

However, if a lady was unaware of this ruling and thus she has been performing their prayers without wearing a proper chador or observing full hijab, their past prayers are valid as long as they were not negligent in learning the related religious rulings.

In addition to all this, covering all jewels and ornament, even a wig, is obligatory while performing prayers even if a non-mahram is not present. It is not necessary, however, to cover rings while praying. In the case that a lady was unaware of this ruling and thus have not been covering their ornaments during prayer, their prayers are valid.

All men and women must observe the necessary dress code in all obligatory prayers, including  Iḥtiyāṭ prayer as well as while performing Sahw prostration, Qaḍa prostration or Qaḍa Tashahhud.

However, while performing obligatory prostration outside of prayer such as obligatory prostration for certain verses of the Quran, it is not obligatory to observe hijab if there is no non-Mahram present.

114 Visits: 7/21/2020 7:41:18 AM Published on: 11 MB Size: 110 Duration:
Salat Motion 3: Rulings Regarding Prayer; Dress Code Part 1
Salat Motion 3: Rulings Regarding Prayer; Dress Code Part 1

The Rulings of Prayer: Dress Code Part 1

One of the obligatory rules of prayer is observing a dress code while performing the prayer.

It is important to keep in mind that there is a difference between the dress code of men and women for prayer.

It is obligatory for men to cover their private parts when performing prayer.

It is better that they cover themselves at least from the navel down to the knees.

It is more advisable to wear the complete clothes they would wear when in the presence of a respected person.

Women on the other hand must cover their entire body including their head and hair. However, covering the face, the hands up to the wrists and the feet up to the ankles is not necessary. But the obligatory precaution requires that, in order to make sure that all parts that are to be covered are in fact covered, women should cover a little more of the sides of their face and a little lower than the wrists and ankles as well.

Stay tuned for more explanation about women’s dress code in prayer in the next episode.

145 Visits: 7/21/2020 7:35:27 AM Published on: 6 MB Size: 76 Duration:
Salat Motion 2: Rulings Regarding Prayer; The Qiblah
Salat Motion 2: Rulings Regarding Prayer; The Qiblah

The Rulings of Prayer: The Qiblah (Direction of Prayer)

The Kaʿba -which is located in Mecca- is the Qiblah of all Muslims, the direction towards which all Muslims must perform their prayers; otherwise their prayer is invalid.

Therefore, one should find the direction of the Qiblah before starting the prayer.

There are four ways to determine the direction of Qiblah:

  1. Trying to determine the direction of Mecca personally.
  2. Following the testimony of two just witnesses or one trusted person who determined the direction of the Qiblah based on sensory indications.
  3. Following the opinion of a trustworthy person who has determined the Qiblah based on scientific methods.
  4. Determining the Qiblah based on the direction of the Miḥrāb  of a mosque, or that of the graves in a Muslim cemetery or in any other way.

However, in the case a Muslim is not able to determine the Qiblah through any of these ways, they should choose one direction and perform their prayer.

185 Visits: 7/16/2020 12:01:54 PM Published on: 9 MB Size: 73 Duration:
Sslat Motion 1: Rulings Regarding Prayer; Obligatory Prayers
Sslat Motion 1: Rulings Regarding Prayer; Obligatory Prayers

Prayer is the way of connecting to our Creator, purifying our heart and cleansing our soul

This precious means of connecting to the Creator has been called the firm pillar of the religion of Islam

And among the different acts of worship, it is the one that is of great importance and every Muslim is obligated to perform it through a series of actions.

Prayer is of such great importance that according to the Islamic narrations, its acceptance by Allah is the prerequisite of the acceptance of all other deeds.

Therefore, it is super important that we as Muslims learn each and every ruling regarding prayers.

Prayers are basically categorized in to two groups:

Obligatory prayers

Recommended prayers

Nafilah (night) prayer, Ghufaylah prayer and Jafar al-Ṭayyār prayer are among the most well known recommended prayers.

Now let’s also have a look at the blessed obligatory prayers which are six in number:

  1. The prayer of the obligatory circumambulation of the the Ka'ba.
  2. The Āyāt prayer which becomes obligatory upon the occurrence of natural phenomena such as eclipse, earth quake,etc.
  3. The Mayyit prayer (Funeral Prayer)
  4. The qada prayers of ones deceased parents (The obligatory prayers that one’s parents missed during their life).
  5. Any Nāfilah prayer [i.e. superarogatory prayer] which has become obligatory due to a related oath, a promise (ʿahd), or a vow (nadhr).
  6. And finally Daily obligatory prayers

We all know that daily prayers are those that are to be performed on a daily basis which are : Fajr Prayer, Dhuhr Prayer, ʻAsr Prayer, Maghrib Prayer and ʻIsha Prayer.

 

Stay tuned for more videos regarding Islamic Rulings

258 Visits: 7/12/2020 10:12:54 AM Published on: 14 MB Size: 2:30 Duration:
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